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Table 4 Results from multivariate analysis

From: Anticipating pulmonary complications after thoracotomy: the FLAM Score

   ODDS RATIO (95% CI)
Factor n Respiratory complications Respiratory Failure Death
TYPE OF OPERATION     
Pneumonectomy 33 1.39 (0.61–3.2) 4.26 (1.46–12.5) 5.99 (1.52–23.6)
Anatomical resection 222 1 1 1
Other 45 0.46 0.89 (0.19–4.2) 0.99 (0.11–8.6)
Preoperative FEV1%     
≥ 80% 164 1 1 1
< 80% – ≥ 50% 72 2.15 (1.13–4.1) 4.65 (1.42–15.3) 0.68 (0.13–3.6)
< 50% 64 6.45 (1.5–27.7) 13.3 (2–87.6) 4.54 (0.47–44.3)
FLAM peak value     
0 – 9 236 1 1 1
10 – 18 42 82.6 (18.8–364) 6.9 (0.6–7.8) 0
19 – 27 8 471 (72.7–999) 118 (13.4–>999) 38 (3.7–387)
> 27 14 999 (157–>999) 228 (25.7–>999) 111 (12–>999)
  1. Multivariate analysis showed that the link between the FLAM highest recorded value and the occurrence of pulmonary complications is maintained even after adjusting for preoperative FEV1% and type of operation.