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Table 1 Comparative studies reporting skeletonization of the radial and gastroepiploic arteries

From: Skeletonization of radial and gastroepiploic conduits in coronary artery bypass surgery

Study Conduit Number of patients Skeletonized Group Key Findings Adverse Events
Ref Type RA/GEA Skel Control Age (Yrs ± S.D.) Gender M/F   
Kamiya et al [13] A GEA 70 98 60 ± 9.2 51/80 Significantly increases luminal diameter Composite grafts effective for multiple grafting No deaths 15 Atrial Fibrillation
Rukosujew et al [21] A RA 20 20 n/a N/a Significantly increases harvesting time Length significantly increased by skeletonization with scissors Endothelial damage seen in all groups Not recorded
Amano et al [12] B RA 131 112 65.8 ± 8.9 102/80 Proximal diameter of RA significantly larger in skeletonized conduits Significant increase in sequential RA grafting 2 MI, 2 Respiratory Failures, 4 CVA, 2 Mediastinitis, 2 Deaths
Li et al [20] C GEA 59 21 66.7 ± 8.8 46/19 No significant difference in harvest time or number of distal anastomoses 1 CVA, 1 Respiratory Failure, 1 Death
Kamiya et al [23] C GEA 168 60 65 ± 11.5 131/47 Functional patency significantly better in skeletonized group 20 Atrial Fibrillation, 1 MI, 2 Re-exploration for bleeding
  1. Study and Study Type: A = Prospective Case Control Trial, B = Prospective Cohort Study with Case Matched Historical Control Trial, C = Retrospective Cohort Study with Case Matched Historical Control Trial
  2. Conduit: RA = Radial Artery, GEA = Gastroepiploic Artery
  3. Age: Yrs = Years, S.D. = Standard Deviation
  4. Gender: M = Male, F = Female
  5. Abbreviations; CVA = Cerebro-vascular Accident, MI = Myocardial Infarction, Skel = Skeletonized, Ref = Reference, n/a = Not available