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Table 1 Demographics, symptoms, risk factors

From: Aortic valve replacement in octogenarians

Variable (unit) n (percentage)
Male 38 (58%)
Mean Age ± s.d. (years) 83.2 ± 2.9
NYHA I 7 (11%)
II 13 (21%)
III 29 (46%)
IV 14 (22%)
CCS 0 26 (42%)
I 8 (13%)
II 11 (18%)
III 14 (23%)
IV 3 (5%)
Impaired LV 11 (18%)
NIDDM 3 (4%)
Hypertension 29 (43%)
Renal Impairment/Failure 6 (9%)
COPD 12 (18%)
PVD 5 (8%)
Emergent/Urgent 18 (26%)
  1. CCS – Canadian Cardiovascular Society
  2. COPD – Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  3. NYHA – New York Heart Association
  4. LV – Left ventricle
  5. NIDDM – Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  6. PVD – Peripheral vascular disease