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Table 2 Univariate analysis of peri ECMO variables

From: Factors influencing the outcome of paediatric cardiac surgical patients during extracorporeal circulatory support

Variables Survivors (N = 29) Non survivors (N = 24) p-Value
Age 589 days 452.5 days NS
Male sex 15 14 NS
Weight 8.4 kg 7.2 kg NS
Pre ECMO Metabolic acidosis 7.12 ± 0.07 7.08 ± 0.01 NS
Pre ECMO Arrhythmias 13 21 < 0.001
Cardiac arrest before cannulation 5 5 NS
Failure to wean from CPB 7 6 NS
Low cardiac output status 12 4 NS
Cardiorespiratory failure 5 9 NS
Bleeding complications 4 14 < 0.001
Use of RRT 10 20 < 0.001
Abnormal neurology 5 5 NS
Pulmonary complications 3 8 NS
Sepsis 3 6 NS
Mechanical complication of Circuit 10 15 NS
ECMO duration > 168 hrs 4 10 =0.024
Arrhythmias after ECMO support 9 22 =0.001
Cardiac arrest after ECMO support 6 16 < 0.001
  1. CPB – Cardiopulmonary bypass; RRT – Renal replacement therapy.