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Table 2 Echocardiographic measurements

From: Echocardiographic evaluation of mitral geometry in functional mitral regurgitation

PATIENTS CLASSIFICATION P VALUE by ANOVA  
  MILD MODERATE SEVERE P
EF (%) 27.9 ± 8.25 19.8 ± 6.85 20.5 ± 7.7 < 0.001
PAP (mmHg) 34.9 ± 13.4 46.7 ± 13 54.5 ± 11.2 < 0.001
LVEDD(cm) 6.07 ± 0.65 6.5 ± 0.73 6.9 ± 0.62 < 0.001
LVESD(cm) 4.9 ± 0.75 5.6 ± 0.9 5.98 ± 0.71 < 0.001
LVEDV(ml) 141 ± 47.7 165 ± 56.4 196 ± 56 < 0.001
LVESV(ml) 101 ± 41 131 ± 52 155 ± 52 < 0.001
Sph index 0.65 ± 0.09 0.71 ± 0.07 0.73 ± 0.09 < 0.001
LA vol(ml) 54.9 ± 19.4 71.9 ± 17.5 93.1 ± 23.6 < 0.001
MAD(PSL)cm 3.07 ± 0.33 3.35 ± 0.28 3.58 ± 0.45 < 0.001
MAD(4C)cm 3.13 ± 0.31 3.22 ± 0.27 3.43 ± 0.32 < 0.001
MAA(cm2) 7.6 ± 1.5 8.5 ± 1.25 9.7 ± 1.95 < 0.001
TnD(cm) 1.1 ± 0.25 1.32 ± 0.27 1.56 ± 0.25 < 0.001
Tn A(cm2) 1.68 ± 0.53 2.35 ± 0.77 2.81 ± 0.68 < 0.001
Inter PMD(cm) 2.37 ± 0.4 3 ± 0.52 3.23 ± 0.5 < 0.001
C-septal D(cm) 3.8 ± 0.47 4 ± 0.41 4.35 ± 0.41 < 0.001
  1. EF: ejection fraction, PAP: pulmonary arterial pressure, Sph: sphericity, MAD: mitral annular diameter, MAA; mitral annular area, TnD: tenting distance, TnA: tenting area, PMD: papillary muscle distance.