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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients with EuroSCORE > 20 compared to those with EuroSCORE ≤ 20

From: The European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) is not appropriate for withholding surgery in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis: a retrospective cohort study

Variable, % unless otherwise indicated EuroSCORE > 20,
n = 237
EuroSCORE ≤ 20,
n = 1,184
Demographic data   
   Age   
<60 yrs 11.4 24.7
60–69 yrs 13.9 25.4
70–79 yrs 42.6 37.3
≥ 80 yrs 32 12.6
   Age, mean yrs ± SD 73.2 ± 12.4 66.7 ± 12.8
   Female 35.0 33.8
Cardiovascular risk factors/diseases   
   Current or former cigarette smoking 57.0 61.5
   Body mass index, mean kg/m2 ± SD 26.6 ± 4.6 28.2 ± 5.3
   Active endocarditis 8.0 1.1
   Diabetes mellitus 22.8 21.5
   Hypertension 59.9 53.3
   Extracardiac arteriopathy 56.5 18.6
   Pulmonary hypertension 31.2 5.2
   Previous cardiac surgery 30.4 7.9
   Left ventricular ejection fraction   
>0.50 37.6 80.4
0.30–0.50 35.4 16.4
<0.30 27.0 3.2
   Unstable angina 14.4 0.8
   MI within 21 days of surgery 13.1 2.6
   Hyperlipidemia 48.5 49.1
Medical comorbidities   
   Hemoglobin, mean g/dL ± SD 12.2 ± 1.9 13.5 ± 1.7
   Serum creatinine > 200 μmol/L 15.2 1.9
   Chronic lung disease 33.3 15.0
  1. MI = myocardial infarction; SD = standard deviation.