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Table 2 Short- and long-term odds ratios considering insulin resistance.

From: Insulin resistance, adiponectin and adverse outcomes following elective cardiac surgery: a prospective follow-up study

  HOMA quartiles Short-term follow-up
  I - III IV Crude Adjusted*
  n = 627 n = 209 OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Death 8 (1.3) 4 (1.9) 1.5 1.0-9.6 1.7 0.5-5.7
MI/PCI 15 (3.4) 5 (3.4) 1.0 0.5-2.8 1.0 0.4-2.8
Stroke 23 (3.7) 8 (3.8) 1.0 0.5-2.4 1.1 0.5-2.5
Renal failure 39 (6.2) 16 (7.7) 1.2 0.7-2.3 1.4 0.7-2.7
Re-exploration 54 (8.6) 22 (10.5) 1.2 0.7-2.1 1.3 0.8-2.2
Infections 27 (4.3) 13 (6.2) 1.5 0.7-2.9 1.5 0.8-3.0
CVD composite 44 (7.0) 16 (7.7) 1.1 0.6-2.0 1.1 0.6-2.1
  HOMA quartiles Long-term follow-up
  I - III IV Crude Adjusted
  n = 619 n = 205 OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Death 20 (3.2) 10 (4.9) 1.5 0.7-3.3 1.7 0.7-3.8
MI/PCI 18 (2.9) 4 (2.0) 0.7 0.2-2.0 0.6 0.2-1.8
Stroke 12 (1.9) 1 (0.5) 0.2 0.1-1.9 0.3 0.1-2.0
Infections 20 (3.2) 8 (3.9) 1.2 0.5-2.8 1.2 0.5-2.9
CVD composite 45 (7.3) 14 (6.8) 0.9 0.5-1.7 0.9 0.5-1.7
  1. * Adjusted for the logistic EuroSCORE
  2. Adjusted for the logistic EuroSCORE and estimated glomerular filtration rate
  3. Adjusted for the logistic EuroSCORE, Charlson Comorbidity Index and type of surgery
  4. Short-term is defined as 30-day follow-up
  5. Long-term is defined as follow-up from day 31 until 365
  6. CI - Confidence interval; CVD - Cardiovascular disease; HOMA - Homeostasis model assessment; MI - Myocardial infarction; OR; - Odds ratio; PCI - Percutaneous coronary intervention