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Table 2 Perioperative clinical data in two groups

From: Video-assisted mediastinoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy combined with laparoscopy for esophageal cancer

  Group A Group B
Conversion to open surgery 0 0
Average operative time(min) 180 220
   Average mediastinoscopic time 108 100
   Average abdominal time 80 120
Average total blood loss(ml) 218 100
Average number of lymph node dissection 12 15
Intraoperative splenic rupture* 1 0
Pulmonary infection 1 0
Mediastinal chyle leakage 1 0
Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury 2 0
Anastomotic leakage 3 1
Pain(visual analog score) 8 4
Mean ICU stay(day) 2.2 1.2
Mean postoperative hospital stay(day) 11.6 10.6
  1. *Splenectomy was performed in one patient because of intraoperative splenic rupture with 600 ml blood loss. Mediastinal chyle leakage was recorded in one patient. The amount of mediastinal chyle was totle 900-2000 ml/d. At last a lower ligation for thoracic duct was performed through right thoracotomy after inefficacious conservative treatment of one week.