120 (OR = 3.3, CI = 1.14-9.7), Cross Clamp time>80 min (OR = 4.16, CI = 1.73-9.98) and IABP insertion postoperatively (OR = 19.19, CI = 3.16-116.47). The incremental risk factors for the development of complications were: Poor EF (OR = 3.16, CI = 0.87-11.52), Euroscore >7 (OR = 2.99, CI = 1.14-7.88), history of PVD (OR = 4.99, CI = 1.32-18.86). The 5 years survival was 79.2% for the CABG population and 71.5% for the valve group. (Hazard ratio = 1.78, CI = 0.92-3.46). Conclusions IABP represents a safe option of supporting the failing heart. The need for IABP especially in a high risk Valve population is associated with early unfavourable outcome, however the positive mid term results further justify its use."/>
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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of the risk factors influencing mortality

From: The need for intra aortic balloon pump support following open heart surgery: risk analysis and outcome

   Status O.R. 95% C.I.  
Risk factor   alive dead     p value
Gender male 65 32 1.00    
  female 20 15 3.87 1.30 11.6 0.015
Smoking No 33 9 1.00    
  Yes 13 10 4.88 1.23 19.37 0.024
  Ex 39 28 3.62 1.20 10.98 0.023
Pre Op Creatinine <=120 70 32 1.00    
  >120 15 15 3.33 1.14 9.70 0.027
Cross Clamp Time <=80 66 22 1.00    
  >80 19 25 4.16 1.73 9.98 0.001
IABP pre op 16 4 1.00    
  intra op 59 29 4.27 0.95 19.15 0.058
  post op 10 14 19.19 3.16 116.47 0.001