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Table 1 Demographic data of all 30 patients, (NS: Non significant)

From: Factors affecting the outcome of surgically treated non-iatrogenic traumatic cervical esophageal perforation: 28 years experience at a single center

Factors Overall
(n = 30)
n (%)
Mortality
(n = 5)
n (%)
P Morbidity
(n = 13)
n (%)
p Hospital stay (median day) P
Sex        
   Male 25(83.3) 5 (20) NS 12 (48) NS 21  
   Female 5(16.7) 0 (0)   1 (20)   22  
Presentation Time        
   <24 h 16(53.3) 2 (12.5) NS 7 (43.8) NS 15.5 NS
   >24 h 14(46.7) 3 (21.4)   6 (42.9)   28.5  
Mechanism of injury        
   Gunshot 16(53.3) 4 (25) NS 12(75) 0.001 27 NS
   Stab 4(13.3) 0 (0)   0 (0)   20  
   Fall 1(3.3) 0 (0)   0 (0)   12  
   Foreign body 9(30) 1 (11.1)   1 (11.1)   16  
Associated injury        
   Present 13(43.3) 3 (23.3) NS 11(85) 0.001 35 0.01
   Absent 17(56.7) 2 (11.8)   2 (11.8)   15  
Tracheal injury        
   Present 9 (30) 3 (33.3) NS 9 (100) 0.001 35 0.01
   Absent 21 (70) 2 (9.5)   4 (19)   16  
Type of injury        
   Extraluminal 21(70) 4 (19) NS 12 (57.1) NS 26 NS
   Endoluminal 9 (30) 1 (11.1)   1 (11.1)   16  
Age        
   ≤18 8 (26.6) 1 (12.5) NS 4 (50) NS 44 NS
   >18 22(73.4) 4 (18.2)   9 (41)   21  
Surgical Approach        
   Primary repair 19(63.3) 2 (10.5)   8 (42.1) NS 16 NS
   Drainage alone 8 (26.6) 3 (37.5) NS 4 (50) NS 21.5 NS
   Exclusion 3 (10) -   1 (33.3) NS 65 0.04