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Table 4 Post-operative complications and outcome

From: Initial experience with a synthetic sealant PleuraSeal™ after pulmonary resections: a prospective study with retrospective case matched controls

Variablea Overall PleuraSeal™ Group Control Group p-valueb
  40 20 20  
Duration of chest tube (d) c, mean (SD)
Ventral chest tube removal (air leak) 2.1 (1.2) 3.9 (3.3) 0.03
Dorsal chest tube removal (drainage) 5.1 (4.0) 5.2 (3.4) 0.94
Chest tube on suction (h) cmean (SD) 22.9 (1.8) 49.7 (28.2) <0.001
Limiting factor for chest tube removal
Air leakage 8 (20%) 1 (5%) 7 (35%) 0.04
Drainage 32 (80%) 19 (95%) 13 (65%) 0.94
Total # of postoperative complications d 21 (52.5%) 10 (50%) 11 (55%) 1.000
Bronchogenic fistula 1 (2.5%) 0 (0%) 1 (5%)  
Chylothorax 3 (7.5%) 2 (10%) 1 (5%)  
Pneumonia 6 (15%) 4 (20%) 2 (10%)  
Mechanical Ventilation/ARDS 1 (2.5%) 0 (0%) 1 (5%)  
Tachyarrhythmia absoluta 5 (12.5%) 3 (15%) 2 (10%)  
Postoperative severe pain 4 (10%) 1 (5%) 3 (15%)  
Otherse 1 (2.5%) 0 (0%) 1 (5%)  
Length of stay(days) c
Potential hospitalization 8.2 (4.6) 10.3 (5.5) 0.205
Actual hospitalization 9.9 (3.7) 11.7 (4.4) 0.178
  1. aNumbers in percentage were rounded up were indicated.
  2. bContinuous variables were compared between groups by Students' T-test. Categoric variables were assessed by two-tailed Pearson's Chi square test.
  3. cData shown as mean with standard deviation (SD)
  4. d# total number of events
  5. eOther complications: acute esophagitis.