Skip to main content

Table 3 Postoperative morbidity

From: Outcomes of single-stage total arch replacement via clamshell incision

Type of morbidity No. of patients
Exploration for bleeding 2 (5%)
Acute myocardial infarction 1 (3%)
Low cardiac output 6 (16%)
Renal dysfunction requiring dialysis 3 (8%)
Gastrointestinal bleeding or ischemia 2 (5%)
Deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolus 0 (0%)
Pneumonia or atelectasis 4 (11%)
Wound infection 0 (0%)
Sepsis 1 (3%)
Paraplegia 0 (0%)
Vocal cord paralysis 0 (0%)
Temporary tracheostomy 2 (5%)
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy 2 (5%)
Transient neurological dysfunction  
   Delirium 2 (5%)
   Convulsion 1 (3%)
Permanent neurological dysfunction  
   Cerebral infarction 1 (3%)
   Cerebral hemorrhage 0 (0%)