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Table 1 Indications for robotic enhanced MIDCAB (n = 36)

From: Is there an optimal minimally invasive technique for left anterior descending coronary artery bypass?

  Intent-to-treat MIDCAB N = 17 Conversion from TECAB N = 19
Quality of LAD 9 8
Sequential graft indication 6 -
Intra-myocardial LAD 1 3
Pleural adhesions - 3
Stabilizer failure - 2
Limited anterior space - 2
Septal back flow - 1
Unstable angina 1 -
  1. LAD, Left anterior descending coronary artery; MIDCAB, minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting; TECAB, totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. Note that all conversions except one (septal back flow) were decided before the anastomosis stage.