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Table 3 Early Postoperative results

From: Is there an optimal minimally invasive technique for left anterior descending coronary artery bypass?

  PA-CABG N = 48 MIDCAB N = 53 TECAB N = 59
Intubation time (hrs) 8 ± 4 7.2 ± 5.6 4.6 ± 2.4 *
ICU stay (days) 1.7 ± 2.7 1 ± 1.3 0.96 ± 0.8
Troponin (24 hrs, IU) 1.7 ± 2.4 2.1 ± 5 2.2 ± 10
Drainage (24 hrs, ml) 377 ± 245 408 ± 174 368 ± 159
Reoperation for bleeding 1 (2) 2 (3.7) 5 (8.5)
MI 1 (2) 0 2 (3.4)
Stroke 1 (2) 0 0
Reintervention 0 1 (1.8) 4 (6.8) *
Hospital stay (days) 7 ± 3 6.5 ± 1.5 5.5 ± 1.6 *
30-day mortality 0 0 1 (1.7)
  1. Number of patients with (%); PA-CABG, Port-Access coronary artery bypass grafting; MIDCAB, minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting; TECAB, totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting; ICU, intensive care unit; MI, myocardial infarction. * p < 0.05.