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Table 1 Preoperative demographic, clinical, echocardiographic, angiographic and haemodynamic data

From: Impact of concomitant aortic regurgitation on long-term outcome after surgical aortic valve replacement in patients with severe aortic stenosis

  overall AS AS+AR p
Number of patients 110 56 54  
Age (years) mean ± S.D. 60,5 ± 9,4 64,2 ± 5,64 56,7 ± 11,0 0,00003
Sex (n,% female) 33 (30) 21 (38) 12 (22) 0,0805
NYHA class mean ± S.D. 2,39 ± 0,49 2,34 ± 0,48 2,44 ± 0,50 0,7207
Symptoms (months) mean ± S.D. 18,1 ± 15,9 20,2 ± 16,8 15,9 ± 14,6 0,1599
Hypertension n,(%) 39 (35) 29 (52) 10 (18) 0,0003
Diabetes mellitus n,(%) 7 (10) 6 (11) 1 (2) 0,0569
Hiperlipoproteinemia n,(%) 23 (41) 15 (27) 8 (14) 0,1227
Bicuspid aortic valve n,(%) 33 (30) 11 (20) 20 (37) 0,0426
Atrial fibrilation n,(%) 4 (4) 3 (5) 1 (2) 0,3262
LV EDVi (ml/m2) mean ± S.D. 81,7 ± 21,2 71,3 ± 16,0 92,6 ± 29,2 0,0001
LV ESVi (ml/m²) mean ± S.D. 35,1 ± 15,4 28,9 ± 13,7 41,5 ± 22,9 0,0008
LV EF (%) mean ± S.D. 59 ± 14 60 ± 13 57 ± 15 0,2192
LV EF < 45% n,(%) 18 (16) 7 (13) 11 (20) 0,2646
LVMi (g/m²) mean ± S.D. 112,3 ± 20,5 106,9 ± 19,0 117,93 ± 20,6 0,0046
ΔP eho max (mmHg) mean ± S.D. 98 ± 29 98 ± 22 98 ± 35 0,9894
ΔP eho mean (mmHg) mean ± S.D. 63 ± 19 63 ± 16 62 ± 22 0,9393
Coronary artery disease n,(%) 29 (26) 18 (32) 11 (20) 0,1454
ΔP cath (mmHg) mean ± S.D. 85,3 ± 28,3 89,7 ± 25,8 81,1 ± 30,3 0,2455
  1. Abbreviations: LV - left ventricle, EDVi -end-diastolic volume index, ESVi -end-systolic volume index, EF - ejection fraction, LVMi -left ventricular mass index, DP -pressure gradient, eho - echocardiografic, cath - catheterization, S.D. - standard deviation.