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Table 1 Patients' characteristics

From: Totally biological composite aortic stentless valved conduit for aortic root replacement: 10-year experience

  N valid  
Age at surgery (mean; SD) 67 67.9 (10)
Range: 34-84
Females 67 27 (40.3%)
BMI (mean; SD) 62 26.2 (4.6)
Range: 14-38
Associated conditions   
   DM 67 1 (1.5%)
   Hypertension 67 34 (50.7%)
   Smoking status 67  
Never   29 (43.3%)
Ex -smoker   31 (46.3%)
Current   7 (10.4%)
   Renal dysfunction 67 3 (4.5%)
   Chronic Pulmonary Disease 67 11 (16.4%)
   Cerebrovascular disease 67 5 (7.5%)
   Peripheral vascular disease 67 4 (6%)
   Previous Q wave MI 67 2 (3%)
Preoperative clinical status   
Angina status (CCS class) 67  
   0   39 (58.2%)
   1   8 (11.9%)
   2   11 (16.4%)
   3   9 (13.4%)
   4   0
Dyspnea status (NYHA class) 67  
   1   14 (19.9%)
   2   23 (34.3%)
   3   23 (34.3%)
   4   7 (10.4%)
Congestive heart failure 67  
   Never   42 (62.7%)
   Now   18 (26.9%)
   Past   7 (10.4%)
Neurological dysfunction 67 2 (3%)
Preop arrythmias (AF/Flutter) 67 8 (11.9)
Left ventricular ejection fraction 67  
   > 50%   52 (77.6%)
   30-50%   9 (13.4%)
   < 30%   6 (9%)
Critical preoperative state 67 13 (19.4%)
Preoperative pacemaker 67 2 (3%)
Extent of coronary disease 67  
   Grossly normal   55 (82.1%)
   Single vessel   5 (7.5%)
   Double vessel   4 (6%)
   Triple vessel   3 (4.5%)
   Left main stem disease   2 (3%)
Logistic EuroSCORE (mean;SD) 67 46.8 (19.3)
Logistic EuroSCORE (P25, P50, P75) 67 31.2; 45.3; 58.8