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Table 1 Demographic, preoperative and intraoperative characteristics of the population included in the study

From: Temporary epicardial left ventricular and biventricular pacing improves cardiac output after cardiopulmonary bypass

Number (n) 50
Male/female 38/12
Age (years) 67.14 ± 11.18
LVEF (%)  
≥50% 50
35-49% 36
<35% 14
Isolated valve disease (%) 62% (31)
Isolated coronary artery disease (%) 30%[15]
Mixed valve and coronary disease (%) 85[4]
Sinus rhythm (%) 84
Atrial fibrillation (%) 16
LBBB (%) 18
RBBB (%) 4
Median sternotomy approach 100%
Aortic cross clamp time (min) 73 ± 29.5
Cardiopulmonary bypass time (min) 91 ± 21.5
Warm intermittent cardiopegia 100%
  1. LVEF: Left ventricular ejection fraction. LBBB: Left bundle branch block. RBBB: Right bundle branch block.
  2. Data are expressed as mean ± SD.