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Table 1 Study characteristics

From: Anterolateral minithoracotomy versus median sternotomy for the treatment of congenital heart defects: a meta-analysis and systematic review

Study Virgilijus Tarutis 1 2009 Virgilijus Tarutis 2 2009 Gaetano Palma 2009 Sung-Ho Jung 2009 C. H. Chang 1997 Murat Basaran 2008
Methods case control study case control study case control study case control study case control study case control study
No of patients 17 + 107 = 124 11 + 59 = 70 132 + 415 = 547 9 + 8 = 17 60 + 58 = 118 34 + 22 = 56
Mean age (ALMT/MS) 8.8/23.3 7.7/4.3 10.12/9.5 26.4/38.4 18.8/17.3 21.7/18.6
Sex M:F (ALMT/MS) Not mentioned Not mentioned 25:107/170:245 1:8/5:3 25:35/23:35 14:20/2:20
Diagnosis ALMT:ASD (17) ALMT: VSD (11) ALMT: CHD (132) ALMT: VSD (9) ALMT: ASD (60) ALMT: ASD (34)
(ALMT/MS) MS: ASD(107) MS: VSD (59) MS: Not mentioned (415) MS: VSD (8) MS: not mentioned (58) MS: ASD (22)
Operation Interventions Right anterolateral mini-thoracotomies Vs. Median Sternotomy Right anterolateral mini-thoracotomies Vs. Median Sternotomy Right anterolateral mini-thoracotomies Vs. Median Sternotomy Right anterolateral mini-thoracotomies Vs. Median Sternotomy Right anterolateral mini-thoracotomies Vs. Median Sternotomy Right anterolateral mini-thoracotomies Vs. Median Sternotomy
Outcome measures CPB(min) CPB(min) CPB(min) CPB (min) CPB (min) CPB (min)
  —— ACCT(min) ACCT(min) ACCT(min) —— ACCT(min)
  Intubation time(h) Intubation time(h) Intubation time(h) Intubation time(h) Intubation time(h) Intubation time(h)
  hospital stay(d) hospital stay(d) hospital stay(d) hospital stay(d) hospital stay(d) hospital stay(d)
  ICU time (d) ICU time (d) —— —— ICU time (d) ICU time (d)
  1. ACCT, aortic cross-clamp time; ALMT, Anterolateral Minithoracotomy; ASD, Atrial Septal Defect; CHD, Congenital Heart Defect; CPB, cardiopulmonary bypass time; ICU, intensive care unit; MS, Median Sternotomy; VSD, Ventricular Septal Defect.