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Table 3 Demographic and clinical characteristics of Patients with Significant Carotid Stenosis (>50%)

From: Contemporary incidence and risk factors for carotid artery disease in patients referred for coronary artery bypass surgery

  All (n=559) No CAS (n=359) CAS (n=200) p value
Mean Age (years) 67 65.5 68.6 0.003
Women 24% 24% 32% 0.0046
CHF 13% 12% 17% 0.12
Hypertension 94% 94% 92% 0.04
COPD 23% 21% 27% 0.1
CVA 5.4% 3.8% 8% 0.02
PVD 15% 10% 23% 0.0001
CKD (Dialysis) 13% 9% 21% 0.0001
History of MI 45% 44% 47% 0.47
BMI (Mean) 30 30.5 30.1 0.4
History of Smoking 59% 58% 62% 0.9
Family History of Coronary Disease 33% 35% 28% 0.09
Hyperlipidemia 85% 84% 86% 0.6
Diabetes 36% 35% 40% 0.7
Previous PTCA 27% 27% 26% 1.0
Antilipid Use 71% 69% 70% 0.9
Left main Trunk 31% 27% 37% 0.016
Number of Bypass 2.52 2.53 2.52 0.8
  1. CAS=Carotid artery stenosis > 50%.
  2. Severe CAS= Carotid artery stenosis > 70% unilateral or bilateral.