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Table 1 Classification of mediastinitis according to Reida M. El Oakley, J.E.Wright (Dept. Card.Surg, Royal Brompton Hospital, London)

From: Prevention of sternal dehiscence with the Sternum External Fixation (Stern-E-Fix) corset – a randomized trial in 750 patients

I Mediastinitis presenting within 2 weeks after operation in the absence of risk factors
II Mediastinitis in 2 – 6 weeks after operation in the absence of risk factors
  - A: Med type I in presence of one or more risk factors
  - B: Med type II in presence of one or more risk factors
IV - A: Med type I, II, or III after one failed therapeutic trial
  - B: Med type I, II, or III after more than one failed trial
V Mediastinitis presenting for the first time more than 6 weeks after operation