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Figure 1 | Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery

Figure 1

From: The adequacy of single-incisional thoracoscopic surgery as a first-line endoscopic approach for the management of recurrent primary spontaneous pneumothorax: a retrospective study

Figure 1

The single wound approach in the patient with primary spontaneous pneumothorax. The wound is usually 15 mm in length (1A). All of the working tools, including the grasp, stapler and endoscope, were placed through the wound (1B). This is the smallest wound achieved with the currently popular endoscopic instruments.

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