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Figure 5 | Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery

Figure 5

From: The adequacy of single-incisional thoracoscopic surgery as a first-line endoscopic approach for the management of recurrent primary spontaneous pneumothorax: a retrospective study

Figure 5

In some cases recurrent pneumothorax, there may be one or multiple neovascularizations in the apex (5A) that cause excessive bleeding. With a single-port thoracoscopic surgery, clipping was slightly difficult because the vessel was usually in the most apical region of the pleural space. However, it is still feasible(the green arrow in 5B).

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