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Table 1 The clinical variables and outcome after single-port and three-port thoracoscopic surgery

From: The adequacy of single-incisional thoracoscopic surgery as a first-line endoscopic approach for the management of recurrent primary spontaneous pneumothorax: a retrospective study

   Single-port Three-port p value
Number   36 26  
Gender Male 27 22 0.359
  Female 9 4  
Age(year)   29.1 24.5 0.144
Indication(s)     
  recurrence 28 21 0.54
  prolonged air leak 5 4  
  hemothorax 3 1  
Side     
  Right side 22 13 0.384
  Left side 14 13  
ICU stay(day)   0.5 0.4 0.096
HS(day)   4.1 6.2 <0.001
Postoperative recurrence   1 (2.8%) 2(7.7%) 0.16
Wound infection   0 (0%) 1 (3.8%)  
OP time(minutes)   59.3 63.5 0.296
VAS for pain 24 hour 4.0 4.4 0.135
  48 hour 3.2 3.6 0.084
  72 hour 2.5 2.9 0.008
Follow-up(months)   16.3 30.5 <0.001
  1. ICU: intensive care unit, HS: hospital stay, OP: operation, VAS: visual analogue scores for pain,