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Table 3 Perioperative data in two-staged and upfront lobectomy groups

From: Limited resection and two-staged lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer with ground-glass opacity

Characteristics Two-staged lobectomy group (n = 11) Upfront lobectomy group (n = 67) p-value
Conversion to open thoracotomy    
  2 (18.2%) 5 (7.5%) 0.255
The reasons of conversion    
 Strong adhesion of lymph node 0 3  
 Pleural adhesion 2 2  
Operative time (min.)    
 Median value (range) 306 (199–499) 250 (141–469) 0.007
Blood loss (ml)    
 Median value (range) 210 (20–550) 80 (0–1050) 0.014
Complication    
  3 (27.3%) 12 (17.9%) >0.999
 Pulmonary fistula 1 4  
 Chylothorax 2 1  
 Empyema 0 1  
 Arrhythmia 0 2  
 Others 0 4  
Drainage period (day)    
 Median value (range) 3 (1–14) 4 (1–13) 0.959
Postoperative hospital stay (day)    
 Median value (range) 11 (7–27) 11 (5–27) 0.480
Operative death    
  0 0 -