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Table 4 Postoperative morbidity and mortality

From: Modified hypothermic circulatory arrest for emergent repair of acute aortic dissection type a: a single-center experience

Clinical characteristics & outcomes DHCA MHCA p Value
  (n=33) (n=21)  
In-hospital mortality 9(27.3%) 3(14.3%) 0.329
30-day mortality 11(33.3%) 4(19.0%) 0.253
Re-exploration for bleeding 2(6.1%) 4(19.0%) 0.193
Renal failure-dialysis 5(15.2%) 1(4.8%) 0.386
Pneumonia 19(57.6%) 5(23.8%) 0.015
Tracheotomy 13(39.4%) 2(9.5%) 0.017
Mediastinal infection 3(9.1%) 1(4.8%) 1.000
Sepsis 3(9.1%) 0(0%) 0.282
TND 4(12.1%) 1(4.8%) 0.638
PND 0 (0%) 0(0%) 1.000
Length of ICU stay, days 7.4±4.5 4.5±1.9 0.010
Length of hospital stay, days 18.6±6.2 17.4±5.5 0.556
Mechanical ventilation, hours 141.2±125.4 75.1±68.0 0.035
Red blood cell transfusion, IU 14 .6±8.2 10.3±7.3 0.045
FFP transfusion, ml 2590.9±1479.0 1419.1±1061.5 0.003
Platelet transfusion, IU 1.6±0.9 0.8±1.1 0.007
Drainage during first72h, ml 2040.2±1075.0 1543.8±1071.0 0.116
PaO2/ FiO2Ratio    
Postoperative day 1 170.0±43.9 163.5±40.7 0.718
Postoperative day 3 177.1±56.3 228.8±79.9 0.017
Lactate (mmol/L)    
Postoperative 1 hours 9.3±4.9 10.00±4.8 0.410
Postoperative 4 hours 5.9±3.8 5.9±3.4 0.983
Creatinine (umol/L) day 3 249.2±237.7 203.5±178.7 0.480
BUN (umol/L) day 3 25.5±14.6 23.0±13.1 0.538
Total bilirubin (umol/L) day 3 53.9±59.0 35.3±20.2 0.226
ALT (IU/L) day 3 103.2±91.4 102.0±108.0 0.967
AST (IU/L) day 3 97.6±107.7 78.6±70.1 0.502
  1. TND, temporary neurologic dysfunction; PND, permanent neurologic dysfunction; ICU, intensive care unit; BUN, blood urea nitrogen; FFP, fresh frozen plasma; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; AST, aspartate aminotransferase.