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Table 1 Characteristics of patients in TEE pre-measurement group and direct measurement group

From: Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography to predict artificial chordae length for mitral valve repair

  TEE pre-measurement group Direct measurement group P- value
Number of patients 26 22  
Male: female ratio 18:8 (69%:31%) 17:5 (77%:23%) 0.532
Age (years) 45 ± 16 40 ± 18 0.236
Leaflet involved    0.627
  Anterior leaflet 8 (31%) 6 (27%)  
  Posterior leaflet 14 (54%) 10 (45%)  
  Bi-leaflet 4 (15%) 5 (23%)  
  Commissure 0 1 (5%)  
Etiology of MR    0.858
  Mucoid degeneration 20 (77%) 16 (73%)  
  Barlow's disease 3 (11.5%) 2 (9%)  
  CHD 2 (7.7%) 2 (9%)  
  RHD 1 (3.8%) 1(4.5%)  
  SBE 0 1(4.5%)  
Preoperative AMJR (cm2) 14.8 ± 3.9 15.0 ± 5.0 0.729
Preoperative MR grade 3.2 ± 0.5 3.3 ± 0.6 0.844
  1. TEE transesophageal echocardiography, MR mitral regurgitation, CHD congenital heart disease, RHD rheumatic heart disease, SBE subacute bacterial endocarditis, AMRJ area of mitral regurgitation jet.