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Table 1 Summary of observed short and long-term complications

From: Surgical treatment of innominate artery and aortic aneurysm: a case report and review of the literature

Access route      Short-term outcomes (<30 days) Long-term outcomes (>30 days)
Study Year Elective: Emergency Length of stay Mortality Morbidity Graft patency Morbidity Graft patency Follow-up
Endovascular
  Angiletta [12] 2012 1:0 - 0 - - - Patent Alive and developed an aneurysm of the right carotid artery bifurcation at 96 months
Taha [15] 2010 1:0 - - - Patent - Patent -
Puech-Leao [16] 2001 1:0 7 0 - - - Patent Alive and symptom free at 24 months
Park [17] 2001 1:0 - - - Patent - Patent -
Hybrid endovascular and sternotomy
  Mellisano [13] 2004 1:0 8 0 Atrial fibrillation, cardiac arrest, pulmonary effusion Patent - - Alive and symptom free at 3 months
Cervical approach
  Takach [18] 2007 1:0 - 0 - - - - -
Partial median sternotomy
  MacLean [19] 2007 1:0 - - - - - - -
Mori [20] 2004 1:0 - - - - - - -
Lane [21] 1951 1:0 - 0 Phrenic nerve damage, fever - Muscle atrophy/weakness - -
Full median sternotomy
  Constenla [11] 2012 1:0 - 0 Respiratory failure, pneumonia Patent - - Alive and symptom free at 12 months
Oswal [22] 2011 1:0 - 0 - - - - Alive and symptom free at 12 months
Lu [14] 2011 1:0 - 0 - - - - Alive at 20 months
Yuan [23] 2009 1:0 - - Stroke - - - -
Da Col [24] 2007 1:0 12 - - Patent - - -
Oruganti [25] 2006 1:0 - - - Patent - - -
Saito [26] 2005 1:0 - - - - - - -
Kieffer [5] 2001 23:4 - 3 Neurological deficits (2), dysphonia (3), haemorrhage (1), artficial ventilation (5), multiple organ failure (2) Patent (21), unknown (3) Dysphonia (1), mediastinitis (1) Patent (14), unknown (3) 7 deaths (cancer=3, cardiac=2, accident =1, unknown=1) during 85 months (3–194)
Chiappini [27] 2001 1:0 - 0 - - - Patent Alive at 6 months
Guibaud [28] 2001 0:1 - 0 - - Subclavian steal syndrome - -
Najafi [29] 1999 1:0 6 - - - - - -
Villegas-Cabello [30] 1996 1:0 - - - - - - -
Adkins [31] 1993 1:0 20 - - - - - -
Bower [3] 1991 6:0 - 0 Atelectasis (1), pneumonitis (1), brain stem infarct (1) - Stroke (1) - 3 late deaths (cancer=1, stroke=1, vasculitis and heart disease=1), lost to fallow up (1), unkown (1). 5 year survival=62.5%
Thomas [32] 1972 1:0 - 1 Thromboembolism - - - -
Combined full median sternotomy and cervical approach
  Ketonen [33] 1983 1:0 - 0 Wound haematoma of femoral incision - - - Alive and symptom free at 108 months
1:0 - 0 - - - Patent Died due to the laryneal cancer at 2 months
Murray [34] 1971 1:0 - 0 - - - - Alive and symptom free at 10 months
Zintel [35] 1960 1:0 14 0 Right arm ischaemia, wound infection - - - Alive and no change in pre-operative neurological deficit at 36 months
Full median sternotomy with anterior neck dissection
  Ikonomidis [36] 2004 1:0 7 0 Persistent arm swelling Patent - Patent Alive and symptom free at 12 months
Takaba [37] 2003 1:0 20 - - - - - -
Kasashima [38] 2000 1:0 34 0 Right hemianopia - - - Alive, right upper quadrantic hemianopia and right facial anhidrosis on day 34
Tominage [7] 1988 - - - - - - - -
Schumacher [39] 1979 1:0 14 0 Respiratory dysfunction - - - Alive, right vocal paralysis and hoarseness persisted, dysphagia relieved at 9 months
Cook [40] 1960 1:0 - 1 - - - - -
1:0 70 0 Infection - Paresis, haemorrhage, reintervention - -
Kirby [8] 1953 1:0 17 0 Paralysis of left arm - Paresis - -
Thoracotomy
  Cook [40] 1960 1:0 - 0 - - - - Alive and symptom free at 55 months. Imrovement of aneurysm
Conservative
  Yang [41] 2009 1:0 - - - - - - -
Butman [42] 1983 1:0 - 1 Brain stem/cerebellar infarct - - - -
Unspecified
  Gordon-Taylor [43] 1950 - - 19 Hemiplegia (2), cerebral symptoms (2), haemorrhage (4), uraemia (1), Respiratory dysfunction/failure (2), pneumonia (1), mediastinitis (1), infection (2), reintervention (1) Obstructed=1 Paresis (1), cardiac breakdown (1), haemorrhage (2), persistent pulsation (1), rupture of aneurysm (1), ligature cut through aorta (1), pneumonia (1), nephritis (1), recurrence (2) - 10 deaths