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Table 4 Pre, intra and post-operative characteristics (n = 184)

From: Miniaturized cardiopulmonary bypass: the Hammersmith technique

Patient data   Mini CPB (n. =180)
   n %
Male   130 70.7
Euro score (logistic)   8.4 (±9.9)
Previous myocardial infarction   44 23.9
Diabetes   58 31.5
Hypertension   155 84.2
Preoperative renal disease Creatinine >200 umol/l 13 7.1
  Creatinine >200 umol/l and dialysis 2 1.1
  Dialysis for CRF >6 weeks prior to surgery 3 1.6
Extent of coronary disease One vessel 15 8.2
  Two vessels 20 10.9
  Three vessels 63 34.2
Ejection fraction category Fair (LVEF 30-49%) 24 13.0
  Poor (LVEF <30%) 17 9.2
Cross-clamp time, (minutes)    42.9 (±29.5)
CPB time, minutes    71.0 (± 41.9)
Intra-aortic balloon pump   4 2.2
Blood product usage PRC 8 4.3
  PRC ,FFP, platelets 5 2.7
Total chest tube drainage (ml)   801 (±483)
Reoperation for bleeding   2 1.1
Renal Complications   3 1.6
Stroke   1 0.5
In hospital death (30 days)   2 1.1
  1. CRF Chronic Renal Failure, LVEF Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction, CPB Cardiopulmonary Bypass, FFP Fresh Frozen Plasma.
  2. Mean and standard deviation.