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Table 1 Demographic data of studies included in meta-analysis (RIPC group/control group)

From: The role of remote ischemic preconditioning on postoperative kidney injury in patients undergoing cardiac and vascular interventions: a meta-analysis

  No. of patients Mean age (years) Males (%) Comorbidities Baseline creatinine (μmol/L) Surgical procedures RIPC methods
Hypertension, no. DM, no.
Ali et al. [16] 41/41 74/75 93/93 21/26 2/2 102/101 Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair Crossclamping of the iliac arteries
Hoole et al. [17] 104/98 63.2/61.8 81/76 53/51 24/20 PCI An inflatable tourniquet around the limbs
Walsh et al. [18] 18/22 74/76 100/100 8/12 3/2 95/94 Endovascular aneurysm repair An inflatable tourniquet around the limbs
Walsh et al. [19] 22/18 75/72 73/100 12/16 1/0 97/88 Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair Crossclamping of the iliac arteries
Rahman et al. [20] 80/82 63/65 89/88 44/52 3/0 98.1/96.4 CABG An inflatable tourniquet around the limbs
Choi et al. [21] 38/38 57/60 39/39 8/10 1/4 80.4/81.3 CABG, Valve surgery, Bentall procedure An inflatable tourniquet around the limbs
Thielmann et al. [22] 27/26 63.4/64.1 85/85 25/24 0/0 CABG An inflatable tourniquet around the limbs
Zimmerman et al. [23] 59/59 62/65 41/40 44/50 24/21 82.2/84.0 CABG, Valve surgery An inflatable tourniquet around the limbs
Lucchinette et al. [24] 27/28 59/62 96/86 19/20 91.7/88.0 CABG An inflatable tourniquet around the limbs
Young et al. [25] 48/48 65.5/64.4 60/65 102/95 CABG, Valve surgery An inflatable tourniquet around the limbs
  1. DM, diabetes mellitus; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; CABG, coronary artery bypass graft.