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Table 2 Univariate risk analysis for operative mortality

From: Outcome and survival analysis of surgical repair of post-infarction ventricular septal rupture

Variable Survivors
n = 23 (%)
Non-survivors
n = 15 (%)
P-value
Pre-operative    
NYHA Class (II-III / IV) 12 (52.2) / 11 (47.8) 1 (6.7) / 14 (93.3) 0.004
Emergency Surgery 17 (73.9) 15 (100) 0.031
Cardiogenic Shock 13 (56.5) 13 (86.7) 0.051
Inotropic support 7 (30.4) 10 (66.7) 0.028
Type of MI (Anterior/Inferior) 19 (82.6) / 4 (17.4) 10 (66.7) / 5 (33.3) 0.259
Right ventricular dysfunction 3 (13.0) 7 (46.7) 0.021
Multi-vessel coronary artery disease 13 (56.5) 9 (69.2) 0.452
Total occlusion of infarcted artery 16 (69.6) 10 (76.9) 0.636
Thrombolysis 7 (30.4) 4 (26.7) 0.802
Intra-aortic balloon pump 22 (95.7) 15 (100) 0.413
EuroSCORE II 22.8 ± 9.4 34.3 ± 9.8 0.001
Intra-operative    
VSR Location (Anterior/Posterior) 19 (82.6) / 4 (17.2) 9 (60.0) / 6 (40.0) 0.122
CPB time (minutes) 148.0 ± 52.3 158.8 ± 53.0 0.540
Red blood cell transfusion > 2 units 4 (17.4) 8 (57.1) 0.012
Concomitant CABG 12 (52.2) 7 (46.7) 0.740
Post-operative    
Renal failure 8 (34.8) 11 (73.3) 0.020
Renal replacement therapy 2 (8.7) 10 (66.7) <0.0005
Re-exploration for bleeding 4 (17.2) 4 (26.7) 0.493
DIVC 0 (0) 3 (20.0) 0.025
  1. CABG: Coronary artery bypass grafting.
  2. CPB: Cardiopulmonary bypass.
  3. DIVC: Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy.
  4. EuroSCORE: European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II.
  5. MI: Myocardial infarction.
  6. NYHA: New York Heart Association.
  7. VSR: Ventricular septal rupture.