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Table 2 Univariate analysis comparing chest trauma patients who survived and those who died

From: Factors affecting mortality of hospitalized chest trauma patients in United Arab Emirates

Variable Survived (%) n = 440 Non-survivor (%) n = 34 p value
Age years 35 (1–90) 32 (4–75) 0.97
Gender    0.002
Male 393 (82.9%) 32 (6.8%)  
Female 47 (9.9%) 2 (0.4%)  
Nationality    0.4
UAE 79 (16.7%) 7 (1.5%)  
Non UAE 357 (75.3%) 26 (5.5%)  
Systolic blood pressure mmHg 133 (78–222) 99 (56–215) 0.002
GCS 15 (3–15) 5 (3–15) <0.0001
ISS 4 (1–41) 25 (8–43) <0.0001
Highest AIS head 1 (1–4) 3 (1–4) <0.0001
Highest AIS chest 1 (1–4) 3 (1–5) <0.0001
Mechanism    0.003
Road traffic collision 283 (59.7%) 30 (6.3%)  
Fall 110 (23.2%) 1 (0.2%)  
Othersa 47 (9.9%) 3 (0.6%)  
Ventilated 35 (7.4%) 25 (5.3%) <0.0001
Head injury 107 (22.6%) 17 (3.6%) 0.002
Associated injuries 278 (58.6%) 23 (4.9%) 0.71
  1. Data presented as median (range) or numbers (%) as appropriate. Percentages of the overall number of patients (n = 474).
  2. p value = Mann Whitney U test or Fisher’s exact test as appropriate.
  3. a: Penetrating trauma occurred in 4 patients, all were stab wounds and all survived.