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Table 4 Treatment modalities and outcomes for secondary chylothorax

From: Radiotherapy in the treatment of postoperative chylothorax

Treatment Author (year) [Reference] n= Success rate (%)
Conservative    
Diet/parenteral nutrition Cerfolio et al. 1996 [3] 47 28
Somatostatin-Infusion Rimensberger et al. 1998 [18] 1 100
Medium Chain Triglycerides Diet Le Pimpec-Barthes et al. 2002 [11] 26 50
Parenteral nutrition Shimizu et al. 2002 [12] 26 23
Diet/parenteral nutrition Chalret du Rieu et al. 2011 [2] n.a. 70
Diet/parenteral nutrition Zabeck et al. 2011 [15] 37 32
Interventional    
Percutaneous Embolization Cope 2004 [19] 60 65
Pedal Lymphangiography Le Pimpec-Barthes et al. 2002 [11] 7 57
Pleurodesis (OK-432) Shimizu et al. 2002 [12] 15 87
Pleurodesis (talc) Paul et al. 2009 [13] 6 83
Pleurodesis (talc) Akin et al. 2011 [14] 26 73
Direct lymphangiography Schoellnast et al. 2011 [20] 2 50
Surgery    
Duct ligation Cerfolio et al.1996 [3] 32 94
Duct ligation Shimizu et al. 2002 [12] 5 100
Duct ligation/Loc. Suture Le Pimpec-Barthes et al. 2002 [11] 5 83
Duct ligation Paul et al. 2009 [13] 22 95
Duct ligation Akin et al. 2011 [14] 7 100