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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Aortic stiffness as a marker of cardiac function and myocardial strain in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement

Parameter Total PWV-norm PWV-high P-value
n = 56 n = 35 n = 21
Male 40 (71.4%) 27 (77.1%) 13 (61.9%) 0.36
Age (years) 71 ± 8.4 70.2 ± 9 72 ± 8 0.43
Age range (years) 53 - 90 53 - 90 56 - 85
White Caucasian [n (%)] 55 (98%) 35 (100%) 20 (95%) 0.37
BMI (kg/m2) 27.2 (4.2) 26.5 (4.3) 28.1 (4.1) 0.18
SBP (mmHg) 136 ± 24 132 ± 27 142 ± 18 0.14
DBP (mmHg) 76 ± 11 75 ± 12 77 ± 11 0.58
MAP (mmHg) 97 ± 12 96 ± 13 98 ± 11 0.56
DM [n (%)] 8 (14.3%) 4 (11.4%) 4 (19.1%) 0.43
Smoking [n (%)] 2 (3.6%) 2 (5.7%) 0 (0%) 0.21
Cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.5 ± 1.2 4.6 ± 1.3 4.4 ± 0.8 0.60
Hypertension [n (%)] 38 (67.9%) 22 (62.9%) 16 (76.2%) 0.38
PVD [n (%)] 2 (3.6%) 0 (0%) 2 (9.5%) 0.13
EuroSCORE (Logistic) 5.5 ± 4.3 5.1 ± 4 6.1 ± 4.7 0.23
Concomitant CABG 15 (26.8%) 10 (28.5%) 5 (23.8%) 0.76
CPB time (minutes) 87 ± 23 87 ± 20 87 ± 27 0.95
Hospital stay (days) 6.7 ± 1.7 6.6 ± 1.6 6.7 ± 1.8 0.84
PWV (m/s) 9.3 ± 2.2 8.1 ± 1.5 11.3 ± 1.6 <0.001
  1. Values are shown as n (%) for categorical variables and the mean ± standard deviation for continuous variables. bold values indicate statistically significant values. Abbreviations: DM diabetes mellitus, BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, PP pulse pressure, MAP, mean arterial blood pressure, PVD peripheral vascular disease, CABG coronary artery bypass graft surgery, CPB cardiopulmonary bypass, PWV pulse wave velocity.