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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients in the three study groups

From: The analysis of ascending aortic dilatation in patients with a bicuspid aortic valve using the ratio of the diameters of the ascending and descending aorta

  BAV (n = 17) TAV (n = 59) OPCAB (n = 73)
Age 70 ± 7 77 ± 7 68 ± 9
Sex 13 (76.5%) 31 (52.5%) 62 (84.9%)
BSA 1.48 ± 0.40 1.46 ± 0.18 1.65 ± 0.17
Smoking 6 (35.3%) 24 (40.7%) 47 (64.4%)
Hypertension 10 (58.8%) 47 (79.4%) 54 (74.0%)
Hyperlipidemia 6 (35.3%) 20 (33.9%) 46 (63.0%)
Diabetes 3 (17.6%) 12 (20.3%) 48 (65.8%)
Chronic kidney disease 6 (35.3%) 20 (33.9%) 17 (23.3%)
  1. BSA, body surface area.
  2. BAV, bicuspid aortic valve.
  3. TAV, tricuspid aortic valve.
  4. OPCAB, off-pomp coronary artery bypass.
  5. Values expressed as mean ± SD, or number (percent).