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Table 2 This is a comprehensive list of all the studies that included the Ravitch procedure

From: Systematic review of surgical treatment techniques for adult and pediatric patients with pectus excavatum

Reference n Study type Follow-up (years) Age, mean (range), years Operation duration, min Analgesia duration, epidural/ IV, days Mean blood loss, mL LOS, days Outcome, >good/ excellent, % Non-displacement complication, attention/ self-resolving, % Requiring reoperation, % Strut displacement, % Number of struts removed, % Symptoms Lung function Cardiac function
Neviere [[53]] 70 P 1 27 (18–62)            Better Better
Jaroszewski [[54]] b 320 R 2.2; (0.1 - 21) 27 (19–67) 191 0/2   2.9   8/-- 1 d 0   Better   
Haller [[55]] 108 R   (17–39)      91/60   10      
Lam [25] 24    15.5 (13–18) 84.1 1.3/2.8   3.9     50     
Hu [56] 398 R 4.2 (1–16) 4.6 (2.5-18)      99/-- 1.3/-- 7 1   Better Better Better
Kelly [24]a,b 43 P 0.2 15.9 (8.0-21)      98/68 63/42     Better   
Inge [30] 25 R 3.5 (2.5-4) 12 (4–18) 195 0/-- 197 4.4 85/-- 4/-- 0 0     
Lansman [57] 75 R 0.5-13 8.2 (<16) 121      41/-- 17 17.3     
Molik [27] 68 R   12.6 (5.0-20) 282 0.6/1.8   4   19.1/-- 6 0     
Miller [29] 32 R   11.5 (0–21) 143   200 3.2 94/-- 18.8/-- 3    Better   
Lane-Smith [58] 161 R 8.8 (1–21.5) 6.4 (2–17) 150   80 6.1c 83/--   7      
Haller [55] 352 R >2 (1–17)      99/78   <1      
Gilbert [59] 32 R 2.2 (3–16)       3.1/3.1 0 34 100    
Holcomb [60] 40 R 3.8 (2–16)      95/68   5      
  1. The table is divided horizontally with bold and plain text to differentiate between pediatric and adult patients. Within each subgroup studies are organized in reverse chronological order from top to bottom based on publication date.
  2. a = >3% patients reported to have marfans.
  3. b = >20% of patients reported to have scoliosis.
  4. c = decreased to 4.8 after 1986.
  5. d = occurred before minimal cartilage resection.
  6. P/R = Prospective/Retrospective Cohort Study.