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Table 4 This displays the weighted averages based on cohort size for each of our subgroups

From: Systematic review of surgical treatment techniques for adult and pediatric patients with pectus excavatum

Cohort Ravitch adult Nuss adult Implant adult Robicsek pediatric Ravitch pediatric Nuss pediatric
Number of references 3 8 3 2 13 22
Follow-up, mean (range) years 2.0 (0.08 - 21) (n = 390) 2 (0.3 - 5.9) (n = 178) 7.8 (n = 47)   3.9 (0.2 - 21.5) (n = 1096) 2.1 (0.2-7) (n = 859)
Age, mean (range), years 27 (18–67) (n = 390) 23.3 (17–52) (n = 254) 29.9 (21–64) (n = 47)   7.2 (0–21) (n = 809) 12.0 (1.5-21, n = 1458)
Operation duration mean (range), min 191 (165–217, n = 320) 94 (65–128, n = 101) 137.2 (n = 11) 87 (n = 8) 166 (84–282, n = 385) 86 (65–198, n = 618)
Anasthesia duration, Epi/IV, days 0/2 (n = 320) 3 (2.8-3, n = 76)   0 (n = 8)/ 0.6 (0–1.3, n = 117)/2.1 (1.8-20, n = 92) 2.5 (0–3, n = 216)/4.1 (3–5.1, n = 639)
Mean blood loss, mL   <10 (n = 96)    111 (80–200, n = 218) 28.6 (4–90, n = 511)
Mean length of stay, days 2.9 (n = 320) 7.3 (4–10, n = 227) 4.5 (3.6-5, n = 31) 5 (n = 23) 5 (3.2-6.1, n = 310) 6.1 (3.1-10, n = 982)
Outcome, >good/excellent, % 91/60 (n = 108) 88 (64–92, n = 138)/73 (50–91, n = 168) 81 (69–90, n = 36) /47 (6–80, n = 36) 89 (88–89, n = 31)/54 (38–64, n = 31) 96 (83–99, n = 1051)/76 (68–78, n = 435) 95 (83–97, n = 756)/85 (73–90, n = 658)
Non-displacement complication/self-resolving, % 8 (n = 320)/ 21 (0–100, n = 262)/8 (1–50, n = 153) 57.4 (0–85, n = 36)/ 36 (12.5-47.8, n = 31)/ 12.5 (1.3-63, n = 673)/25 (3.1-42, n = 75) 38 (4–98, n = 1443)/25 (2–47, n = 737)
Requiring reoperation, % 3.3 (1–10, n = 428) 5.3 (0–42, n = 178) 18.8 (n = 16) 6.3 (0–9, n = 31) 5.3 (0–17, n = 1183) 6.3 (0–23, n = 1025)
Bar/strut displacement, % 0 (n = 320) 6.1 (2–25, n = 243)   12.5 (n = 8) 6.4 (0–50, n = 622) 6.6 (0.8-33.3, n = 1389)
Number of bars removed, %   23 (n = 220)    100 (n = 32) 47 (n = 766)
Symptoms Better (n = 320) Better (n = 8)   Better (n = 23) Better (n = 473) Better (n = 357)
Lung function Better (n = 70) Same (n = 43)   No change (n = 23) Better (n = 398) Better (n = 66)
Cardiac function improved Better (n = 70) Better (n = 8)    Better (n = 398) Better (n = 292)
  1. The table is divided vertically with bold and plain text to differentiate between pediatric and adult patients.