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Table 3 Univariate analysis (group 2) for use of temporary pacing according to procedure and intraoperative variables a

From: Predictors of temporary epicardial pacing wires use after valve surgery

Variable Temporary cardiac pacing
  No Yes p-value
Type of surgery    0.000
  Mitral valve 54 (90.0) 6 (10.0)  
  Aortic valve 62 (86.1) 10 (13.9)  
  Multiple valve 29 (55.8) 23 (44.2)  
  Valve with coronary artery bypass 30 (65.2) 16 (34.8)  
Annulus Calcification    0.000
  No 154 (87.0) 23 (13.0)  
  Yes 21 (39.6) 32 (60.4)  
Cardiopulmonary bypass time (minute)    0.000
  < 100 140 (87.5) 20 (12.5)  
  ≥ 100 35 (50.0) 35 (50.0)  
Aorta cross clamp time (minute)    0.000
  < 60 143 (90.5) 15 (9.5)  
  ≥ 60 32 (44.4) 40 (55.6)  
Bradycardia    0.003
  No 125 (71.4) 50 (28.6)  
  Yes 50 (90.9) 5 (9.1)  
  1. aData are given as no. (%).