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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with temporary cardiac pacing

From: Predictors of temporary epicardial pacing wires use after valve surgery

Variable Odds ratio (OR) 95% confidence interval (CI) P-value
Age 1.1 (1.1, 1.3) 0.002
NYHA class (III- IV) 5.6 (1.6, 20.2) 0.008
PAP ≥ 50 mmHg 22.0 (3.4, 142.7) 0.001
Preoperative digoxin use 8.0 (1.3, 48.8) 0.024
Type of surgery    
  Mitral valve 1.0   
  Aortic valve 2.2 (0.3, 14.7) 0.431
  Multiple valve 13.5 (1.5, 124.0) 0.021
  Valve with coronary artery bypass 3.6 (0.4, 30.7) 0.242
Aorta cross clamp time ≥ 60 min 7.8 (1.6, 37.2) 0.010
Valve annulus calcification 7.9 (2.0, 31.7) 0.003
  1. NYHA = New York Heart Association; PAP = pulmonary artery pressure.