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Table 4 Comparisons among major operative methods in SITS

From: Clinical application of single incision thoracoscopic surgery: early experience of 264 cases

Variables Wedge resection, PNX (n = 194) Wedge resection, others* (n = 32) Lobectomy (n = 6) Decortication (n = 11) Mediastinal mass excision (n = 11)
Median age, years 19 (14–79) 61.5 (34–86) 50 (12–66) 59 (38–77) 45 (13–69)
Median Operation time, min 75.5 (34–208) 64.5 (30–165) 219 (160–260) 175 (84–285) 93 (39–175)
Median postoperative hospital stay, day 2 (1–14) 4 (1–36) 3.5 (3–6) 8 (5–26) 2 (1–3)
Postoperative complication Air leak   Pleural   
(n = 1) Effusion
Wound dehiscence (n = 1)
(n = 2)
Infection (n = 2)
Bleeding (n = 1)
Median F/U period, month 5.1 (0.1–24) 5.35 (0.8–18.4) 2.55 (0.3–9.4) 3.6 (1.5–12.6) 6.8 (0.7–22.7)
Early outcome (recurrence) 10 (5.2%)   NED NED NED
  1. *Others included interstitial lung disease, solitary pulmonary nodule, pulmonary metastases and tuberculosis.
  2. PNX, Pneumothorax; min, minute; F/U, follow up; NED, No evidence of disease.