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Table 3 Mortality and morbidity of VATS lung biopsies

From: The efficacy of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lung biopsies in patients with interstitial lung disease: a retrospective study of 66 patients

30-day mortality: 1.5%  
Other major complications: 0%  
Minor complications: 28.8%  
  Small pneumothorax: 10.6%
  LRTI: 6.1%
  Surgical emphysema: 4.5%
  Prolonged neuropathic pain: 4.5%
  Delayed wound healing: 3%
  Persistent air leak: 1.5%
Conversion to open lung biopsy: 0%  
Chest drain duration: 1.15 days  
Hospital stay: 3.53 days