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Table 2 Demographic data

From: Multimodal analgesia versus traditional opiate based analgesia after cardiac surgery, a randomized controlled trial

  Multimodal (n = 77) Morphine (n = 74) P-value
Age (Mean ± SD) 62 ± 12 64 ± 13 NS
Female (n) 16 15 NS
BMI (Mean ± SD) 27.4 ± 5.1 28.1 ± 4.3 NS
Risk factors/co-morbidity (n(%))    
Hypertension 48 47 NS
Hypercholest. 55 58 NS
Diabetes 8 16 0.06(NS)
Peripheral arterial disease 8 6 NS
Previous TCI/stroke 7 6 NS
Severe COPD 5 4 NS
Alcohol (Median (min-max)) 7[0-42] 6[0-42] NS
Cardiac history (n)    
MI past (>months) 14 14 NS
MI present (<3 months) 5 4 NS
CCS 2 ± 1 2 ± 1 NS
NYHA class 2 ± 1 2 ± 1 NS
Atrial fibrillation 5 9 NS
LVEF > 50% 33 35 NS
LVEF 30%-50% 36 26 NS
LVEF <30% 8 13 NS
Euroscore (Mean ± SD 5.0 ± 2.9 5.2 ± 3.4 NS
Creatinine (μmol/J) 82.6 ± 17.0 82.7 ± 15.1 NS
  1. BMI = body mass index, TCI = transitory cerebral ischemia, COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, MI = myocardial infarction, CCS = canadian cardiovascular society, NYHA = New york heart association, LVEF = left ventricular ejection fraction, NS = non-significant.