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Table 1 Patients’ baseline characteristics

From: The extent of papillary muscle approximation affects mortality and durability of mitral valve repair for ischemic mitral regurgitation

  Incomplete PMA Complete PMA P Value
(N = 13) LVP-(N = 9) LVP + (N = 23)
Age, years 65 ± 8 50 ± 14 65 ± 10 0.024
Male, n (%) 11 (85%) 9 (100%) 18 (78%) 0.48
Hypertension, n (%) 8 (62%) 4 (44%) 7 (30%) 0.19
Dialysis, n (%) 2 (15%) 2 (22%) 2 (9%) 0.62
Diabetes, n (%) 7 (54%) 4 (44%) 10 (44%) 0.92
Atrial fibrillation, n (%) 2 (15%) 0 4 (17%) 0.53
History of VT, n (%) 0 1 (11%) 5 (22%) 0.21
Coronary lesions, n (%)     
 Left anterior descending 12 (92%) 8 (89%) 23 (100%) 0.23
 Left circumflex 12 (92%) 8 (89%) 16 (70%) 0.26
 Right 13 (100%) 7 (78%) 18 (78%) 0.13
NYHA class, n (%)     0.43
 II 3 (23%) 2 (22%) 1 (4%)  
 III 6 (46%) 5 (56%) 14 (61%)  
 IV 4 (31%) 2 (22%) 8 (35%)  
Inotrope, n (%) 2 (15%) 1 (11%) 3 (13%) 1.0
Urgent, n (%) 2 (15%) 0 2 (9%) 0.65
IABP, n (%) 2 (15%) 0 6 (26%) 0.26
PCPS, n (%) 0 0 1 (4%) 1.0
  1. PMA = papillary muscle approximation, LVP = left ventriculoplasty, VT = ventricular tachyarrhythmia, NYHA = New York Heart Association, IABP = intraaortic balloon pumping, PCPS = percutaneous cardiopulmonary support.