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Table 1 Preoperative characteristics

From: A modified total arch replacement combined with a stented elephant trunk implantation for acute type A dissection under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion

Variables   Values (Mean ± SD) or Cases (n)
Age (years)   45.2 ± 2.3
Gender Male 69
Female 17
Diabetes   12
Hypertension   73
Chronic renal dysfunction   5
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)   8
Cerebral vasculopathy   3
Acute myocardium ischemia   13
Acute renal dysfunction   21
Acute gastrointestinal ischemia   8
Lower extremity ischemia   31
Carotid artery affected   16
Acute pericardial temponade   13
Hemothorax   8
Marfan syndrom   24
Primary tear Ascending aorta 39
Arch 33
Proximal descending aorta 6
Multiple 8