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Table 1 Patient and operative characteristics

From: The "cut-in patch-out" technique for Pancoast tumor resections results in postoperative pain reduction: a case control study

Characteristic Cut-in patch out (n = 25) Thoracotomy (n = 16) pvalue
Mean age (SD) 56.9 (±9.4) 57.3 (±9.6) 0.90
Female (%) 15 (60.0%) 8 (50.0%) 0.76
Race: White (%) 20 (80.0%) 11 (68.8%) 0.66
Mean Pack Years (SD) 48.6 (±26.4) 44.2 (±29.4) 0.62
Taking Oral Narcotics Preoperatively 3 (12.0%) 4 (25.0%) 0.40
Neoadjuvant Treatment    
Radiation Only (%) 2 (8.0%) 2 (12.5%) 0.64
Chemoradiation (%) 22 (88.0%) 12 (75.0%) 0.40
Location: Left (%) 19 (73.1%) 11 (68.8%) 0.88
Pathology    
Adenocarcinoma (%) 13 (52.0%) 8 (50.0%) 0.98
Squamous (%) 9 (36.0%) 7 (43.8%) 0.75
Other (%) 3 (12.0%) 1 (6.3%) 0.98
Epidural pain catheter (%) 14 (56.0%) 9 (56.3%) 0.98
Estimated Blood Loss (SD) 442 (±223) 423 (±256) 0.83
Mean ribs resected (SD) 3.65 (±0.83) 3.38 (±0.51) 0.25
Mean tumor Size in cm (SD) 4.20 (±3.03) 4.71 (±2.14) 0.56
Mean number of nodes sampled (SD) 14.2 (±5.1) 14.8 (±6.6) 0.75
Positive lymph nodes (%) 2 (8.0%) 4 (25.0%) 0.19
R0 resection 23 (92.0%) 14 (87.5%) 0.64
R1 resection 2 (8.0%) 2 (12.5%)  
Final Pathology Staging    
≤ T2 3 (12.0%) 2 (12.5%) 0.96
T3 10 (40.0%) 6 (33.3%) 0.87
T4 12 (48.0%) 8 (50.0%) 0.90
Vertebral Body 9 (40.0%) 6 (37.5%) 0.93
Subclavian Vessels 3 (12.0%) 2 (12.5%) 0.96
N0 23 (92.0%) 11 (68.8%) 0.13
N1 1 (4.0%) 1 (6.3%) 0.74
N2 1 (4.0%) 3 (18.8%) 0.31
  1. Categorical data presented as a number (%) while continuous data presented as mean ± standard deviation unless otherwise stated. p-values represent with either independent sample t-test or chi-squared as dictated by data type.