100 days). Additionally, five year survival for the "cut-in patch-out" group was 48% versus the traditional group at 12.5% (p = 0.04). Conclusions Compared with a traditional thoracotomy and separate chest wall resection approach for P-NSCLC, a "cut-in patch-out" technique offers an alternative approach that appears to have at least oncologic equivalence while decreasing pain. We have more recently adapted this technique to select patients with pulmonary neoplasms involving chest wall invasion and believe further investigation is warranted."/>
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Table 2 Post-operative outcomes

From: The "cut-in patch-out" technique for Pancoast tumor resections results in postoperative pain reduction: a case control study

Outcome Cut-in patch out (n = 25) Thoracotomy (n = 16) pvalue
Length of stay in days (SD) 13.1 (±7.42) 12.6 (±6.11) 0.82
Mean days on IV narcotics (SD) 6.2 (±3.75) 6.0 (±3.39) 0.86
Morbidity 7 (28.0%) 4 (25.0%) 0.83
Wound Infection 1 (4.0%) 1 (6.3%) 0.74
Pneumonia 4 (16.0%) 3 (18.8%) 0.82
Reintubation 5 (24.0%) 5 (31.3%) 0.65
Tracheostomy 3 (12.0%) 4 (25.0%) 0.51
Pulmonary Embolism 2 (8.0%) 1 (6.3%) 0.83
Bronchopleural Fistula 1 (4.0%) 1 (6.3%) 0.74
Mortality    
30-day mortality 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 1.00
90-day mortality 1 (4.0%) 1 (6.3%) 0.97
Mean days on oral narcotics (SD) 80.6 (±62.4) 158.2 (±119.2) <0.01
Alive at 5 years (%) 12 (48.0%) 2 (12.5%) 0.04
Recurrence at 5 years (%) 6 (24.0%) 10 (62.5%) 0.02
Site of Recurrence    
Local (%) 2 (8.0%) 3 (18.8%) 0.36
Distant (%) 4 (16.0%) 7 (43.8%) 0.07
  1. Categorical data presented as a number (%) while continuous data presented as mean ± standard deviation unless otherwise stated. p-values represent with either independent sample t-test or chi-squared as dictated by data type.