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Table 1 Classification of recommendation and level of evidence of the selected literature

From: Poststernotomy mediastinitis: a classification to initiate and evaluate reconstructive management based on evidence from a structured review

Reference Classification of recommendation Level of evidence
Falagas et al. (2010) I B
Lancet, Great Britain [9]
Andreas et al. (2013) IIa B1
Ann Thorac Surg, Austria [10]
Segers et al. (2006), IIa B2
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, Netherlands [16]
Bapat et al. (2008) IIb B2
J Card Surg, UK [20]
Vos et al. (2012), IIa B2
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg, Netherlands [21]
Sjögren et al. (2008), IIb B2
Int Wound J, Sweden [26]
Atkins et al. (2011) IIa B2
Am J Surg, USA [27]
Morisaki et al. (2011) IIa B2
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, Japan [28]
De Feo et al. (2010) IIa B1
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann, Italy [29]
Modrau et al. (2009) IIb B2
Ann Thorac Surg, Denmark [30]
Osada et al. (2012) IIb C
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg, Japan [31]
Ascherman et al. (2004) IIb B2
Plast Reconstr Surg, USA [34]
Cabbabe et al. (2009) IIa B1
Plast Reconstr Surg, USA [35]
Jang et al. (2012) IIb B2
Arch Plast Surg, Korea [36]
Agarwal et al. (2005) IIb B2
Plast Reconstr Surg, USA [43]
Cowan et al. (2005) IIb B2
Ann Thorac Surg, Canada [44]
Gaudreau et al. (2010) IIb B2
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg, Canada [45]
Gdalevitch et al. (2010) IIb B2
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg, Canada [47]
Gustafsson et al. (2002) IIb B2
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, Sweden [48]
Danner et al. (2011) IIb B2
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, Germany [50]
Risnes et al. (2012) IIa B1
Int Wound J, Norway [54]
Deschka et al. (2013) IIb B2
Interact cardiovasc Thorac Surg, Germany [55]
Baillot et al. (2010) IIa B1
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg, Canada [56]
Huh et al. (2008) IIb B2
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, USA [57]
Fawzy et al. (2011) IIb B2
J Cardiothorac Surg, Canada [58]
Sansone et al. (2011) IIb B2
J Card Surg, Italy [59]
Rocco et al. (2010) IIb C
Ann Thorac Surg, Italy [60]
Ceresa et al. (2010) IIb C
J Cardiothorac Surg, Italy [61]
van Wingerden et al. (2011) IIb B1
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg, Netherlands [69]
Milano et al. (1999) IIa B1
Ann Thorac Surg, USA [77]
Chittithavorn et al. (2011) IIb B2
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg, Thailand [78]
Hirata et al. (2003) IIb B2
Ann Thorac Surg, Japan [79]
Pasic et al. (2004) IIb C
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg, Germany [80]
Francel et al. (2001) IIa B1
Ann Thorac Surg, USA [81]
Stump et al. (2010) IIb B1
Ann Plast Surg, USA [82]
Parissis et al. (2011) IIb B2
J Cardiothorac Surg, UK [83]
Kobayashi et al. (2011) IIa B1
J Cardiothorac Surg, Japan [84]
  1. Quality and strength of the Evidence weighed according to the STS Workforce on EBM Rating Scheme (see above). The Level of evidence is subdivided whereby B1 represents systematic reviews from observational studies, controlled clinical trials and comparable cohorts. B2 represents case series and regression analyses. Case reports were allocated to Level C.