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Table 1 Baseline clinical characteristics of patients

From: Time-dependent changes of plasma inflammatory biomarkers in type A aortic dissection patients without optimal medical management

Variables Aortic dissection n = 92 Hypertension n = 78 Healthy controls n = 82
Age (year) 53.2 ± 11.2 55.8 ± 13.6 50.4 ± 10.2
Males, n (%) 69 (75.0) 52 (66.7) 56 (68.3)
Smoking history, n (%) 50 (54.3) 36 (46.2) 39 (47.6)
Hypertension, n (%) 75 (81.5) 78 (100) -
SBP, mmHg 165 ± 19* 158 ± 21* 112 ± 23
DBP, mmHg 98 ± 15* 88 ± 16* 74 ± 17
Medications at admission  
Beta receptor blocker, n (%) 17 (18.5) 19 (24.4) -
Calcium channel bloker, n (%) 21 (22.8) 18 (23.1) -
Alpha receptor blocker, n (%) 9 (9.8) 5 (6.4) -
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.37 ± 1.22 5.35 ± 0.98 5.03 ± 1.24
Triglyceride (mmol/l) 1.42 ± 1.31 1.57 ± 1.34 1.43 ± 1.12
Hemoglobin (g/L) 119.3 ± 23.4 124.7 ± 21.8 128.5 ± 25.6
Plasma inflammatory mediators    
IL-6 (pg/ml) 50.41 ± 42.95 5.82 ± 2.49 4.42 ± 2.12
CRP (mg/L) 68.02 ± 35.75 4.68 ± 3.89 3.08 ± 2.46
TNF-α (pg/ml) 47.52 ± 28.46 3.25 ± 1.06 2.37 ± 1.45
  1. SBP, Systolic blood pressure; DBP, Diastolic blood pressure; IL-6, Interleukin-6; CRP, C-reactive protein; TNF-α, Tumor necrosis factor-α; Values are mean ± SD; *P < 0.05 vs healthy group, §P < 0.05 vs hypertension group.