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Table 1 Comparison of baseline clinical characteristics between non-survivors and survivors

From: Predictors of survival following extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients with acute myocardial infarction-complicated refractory cardiac arrest in the emergency department: a retrospective study

  Non-survivors Survivors p
n = 30 n = 7
Age, years, mean (SD) 63.2 (10.9) 53.7 (10.2) 0.049
Gender, male 20 (67%) 7 (100%) 0.155*
BMI, mean (SD) 24.2 (2.8) 22.5 (1.3) 0.151
Past medical history    
 Hypertension 18 (60%) 2 (29%) 0.212*
 Diabetes 19 (63%) 2 (29%) 0.202*
 Cerebral vascular accident 3 (10%) 1 (14%) 1.000*
 Dyslipidemia 3 (10%) 2 (29%) 0.233*
 Previous PCI 1 (3%) - 1.000*
Smoking 14 (47%) 4 (57%) 0.693*
Pre-ECMO laboratory findings, mean (SD)    
 BUN 21.69 (7.47) 14.74 (4.65) 0.019
 Cr 1.55 (0.77) 1.16 (0.05) 0.065
 TB 0.73 (0.35) 0.81 (0.30) 0.474
 CK-MB 80.86 (200.18) 5.31 (4.40) 0.983
 Myoglobin 2553.63 (7678.72) 379.12 (657.90) 0.424
 Troponin-I 22.02 (54.70) 0.28 (0.30) 0.751
 pH 6.95 (0.15) 7.00 (0.15) 0.345
 Lactate 10.15 (4.36) 7.73 (2.79) 0.448
 BNP 734.67 (1177.84) 17.40 (15.37) 0.008
ECMO duration, h, mean (SD) 94.63 (86.20) 156.71 (58.99) 0.029
SOFA score, mean (SD) 15.10 (1.54) 13.86 (1.07) 0.051
SAPS II score, mean (SD) 92.43 (7.95) 80.14 (6.36) 0.001
Daily blood transfusion during ECMO, units/day, mean (SD)    
 Packed red blood cell 6.36 (6.04) 2.26 (3.52) 0.002
 Fresh frozen plasma 5.00 (4.96) 1.72 (3.04) 0.006
 Cryoprecipitate 1.44 (2.61) 1.43 (2.43) 0.635
 Platelet concentrate 2.97 (2.83) 2.99 (2.77) 0.747
Outcomes    
 Weaning success 5 (17%) 7 (100%)
 Discharged - 5 (71%)
CPC grade    
 1 - 6 (86%)  
 4 - 1 (14%)  
  1. BMI, body mass index; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; VT/VF, ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation; PEA, pulseless electrical activity; ECMO, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; BUN, blood urea nitrogen; Cr, creatinine; TB, tuberculosis; CK-MB, creatine kinase-MB; BNP, brain natriuretic peptide; CRRT, continuous renal replacement therapy; SOFA, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment; SAPS II, Simplified Acute Physiology Score II; CPC, Cerebral Performance Category.
  2. *Fisher’s Exact test.