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Table 1 Preoperative patient data (n = 50)

From: Long-term survival after mitral valve surgery for post-myocardial infarction papillary muscle rupture

Variablea Value
Age, years 64.7 ± 10.8
Gender  
 Male 36 (72)
 Female 14 (28)
NYHA functional class  
 Class III 7 (14)
 Class IV 43 (86)
EuroSCORE I (logistic), % 29.9 ± 22.6
EuroSCORE II, % 19.6 ± 14.5
Previous myocardial infarction 50 (100)
 Inferior and/or posterior 34 (68)
 Inferoposterolateral 13 (26)
 Anterolateral 9 (18)
Coronary artery disease 50 (100)
 Left main stenosis 3 (6)
  One-vessel disease 24 (48)
  Two-vessel disease 18 (36)
  Three-vessel disease 8 (16)
Infarct related artery  
 Left anterior descending coronary artery 1 (2)
 Left circumflex coronary artery 29 (58)
 Right coronary artery 20 (40)
Previous percutaneous coronary intervention 14 (28)
Previous cardiac surgery 0 (0)
Preoperative grade of mitral regurgitation  
 3+ (moderate) 1 (2)
 4+ (severe) 49 (98)
Preoperative LV function  
 Normal (EF >50%) 34 (68)
 Moderately impaired (EF 30-50%) 11 (22)
 Severely impaired (EF <30%) 5 (10)
Heart rhythm  
 Sinus rhythm 45 (90)
 Atrial fibrillation 5 (10)
 Pacemaker 0 (0)
Pulmonary artery pressure  
 Systolic/diastolic, mmHg 45 ± 13/25 ± 10
 Mean, mmHg 32 ± 10
Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, mmHg 24 ± 14
Mechanical ventilation 23 (46)
Inotropic drug support 28 (56)
Intra-aortic balloon pump 23 (46)
Serum creatinine, μmol/L 159 ± 94
Acute renal failure 10 (20)
Cardiogenic shock 33 (66)
  1. aData are presented as mean ± standard deviation or number (%).
  2. EF = ejection fraction; LV = left ventricle; NYHA = New York Heart Association.