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Table 2 Surgical data (n = 50)

From: Long-term survival after mitral valve surgery for post-myocardial infarction papillary muscle rupture

Variablea Value
Mitral valve surgery  
 Salvage 2 (4)
 Emergent 31 (62)
 Urgent 11 (22)
 Elective 6 (12)
Timing of mitral valve surgery  
 Surgery ≤7 days after MI 29 (58)
 Surgery >7 days and ≤30 days after MI 9 (18)
 Surgery >30 days after MI 12 (24)
Mitral valve replacement 40 (80)
 Mechanical prosthesis 36 (90)
 Bioprosthesis 4 (10)
 Preservation of the SA (partial or complete) 26 (65)
  AMVL and attached SA (partial or complete) 5 (19)
  PMVL and attached SA (partial or complete) 14 (54)
  AMVL and PMVL and attached SA (partial or complete) 7 (27)
Mitral valve repair 10 (20)
Concomitant surgery 28 (56)
 Coronary artery bypass grafting 24 (48)
Septal rupture closure 2 (4)
 Aortic valve replacement 1 (2)
 Tricuspid valve plasty 2 (4)
Duration of surgery, min 278 ± 88
Cardiopulmonary bypass time, min 179 ± 67
Aortic cross-clamp time, min 98 ± 35
Intraoperative IABP requirement 26 (52)
  1. aData are presented as mean ± standard deviation or number (%).
  2. AMVL = anterior mitral valve leaflet; IABP = intra-aortic balloon pump; MI = myocardial infarction; PMVL = posterior mitral valve leaflet; SA = subvalvular apparatus.